############################### Extinguish or Unextinguish Data ############################### Two of the three flavors of models include a function to calculate the factor to multiple (extinguish) or divide (unextinguish) a spectrum by to add or remove the effects of dust, respectively. Extinguish is also often called reddening. Extinguishing a spectrum often reddens the flux, but sometimes 'bluens' the flux (e.g, on the short wavelength side of the 2175 A bump). So extinguish is the more generic term. Extinguish a Blackbody ====================== .. plot:: :include-source: import matplotlib.pyplot as plt import numpy as np import astropy.units as u from astropy.modeling.models import BlackBody from dust_extinction.parameter_averages import F19 # generate wavelengths between 0.12 and 3 microns # within the valid range for the F19 R(V) dependent relationship lam = np.logspace(np.log10(0.12), np.log10(3.0), num=1000) # setup the inputs for the blackbody function wavelengths = lam*1e4*u.AA temperature = 10000*u.K # get the blackbody flux bb_lam = BlackBody(10000*u.K, scale=1.0 * u.erg / (u.cm ** 2 * u.AA * u.s * u.sr)) flux = bb_lam(wavelengths) # initialize the model ext = F19(Rv=3.1) # get the extinguished blackbody flux for different amounts of dust flux_ext_av05 = flux*ext.extinguish(wavelengths, Av=0.5) flux_ext_av15 = flux*ext.extinguish(wavelengths, Av=1.5) flux_ext_ebv10 = flux*ext.extinguish(wavelengths, Ebv=1.0) # plot the intrinsic and extinguished fluxes fig, ax = plt.subplots() ax.plot(wavelengths, flux, label='Intrinsic') ax.plot(wavelengths, flux_ext_av05, label='$A(V) = 0.5$') ax.plot(wavelengths, flux_ext_av15, label='$A(V) = 1.5$') ax.plot(wavelengths, flux_ext_ebv10, label='$E(B-V) = 1.0$') ax.set_xlabel('$\lambda$ [$\AA$]') ax.set_ylabel('$Flux$') ax.set_xscale('log') ax.set_yscale('log') ax.set_title('Example extinguishing a blackbody') ax.legend(loc='best') plt.tight_layout() plt.show() Notebooks ========= A great way to show how to use the dust_extinction package is using a jupyter notebook. Check out the Analyzing interstellar reddening and calculating synthetic photometry _ notebook that was created as part of the Learn.Astropy _ effort.